Presente simple en inglés

Verbos para nivel básico de inglés (A1 / A2 Principiante y Pre-intermedio)

Present Simple: Be, Have and Have got

  • El verbo be (ser/estar) tiene unas formas verbales completamente diferentes a otros verbos.
  • Be (Ser/Estar), Presente Simple, frases afirmativas

I’m married.

You’re usually late.

He’s a good worker.

She’s my best friend.

It’s a difficult question.

We’re always nice to her.

They’re engineers.

  • Be (Ser/Estar), Presente Simple, frases  negativas

I’m not married.                   

You aren’t usually late.              (o You’re not usually late)

He isn’t a good worker.             (o He’s not a good worker)

She isn’t my best friend.            (o She’s not my best friend)

It isn’t a difficult question.          (o It’s not a difficult question)

We aren’t always nice. to her    (o We’re not always nice to her)

They aren’t engineers.              (o They’re not engineers)

  • Be (Ser/Estar), Presente Simple, interrogativas

Am I right?

Are you busy?

Is he American?

Is she a good teacher?

Is it cold out?

Are we all here?

Are they hungry?

  • Mire estos errores típicos:

I don´t be married.                      I´m not…

You don´t be usually late.          You aren´t…

He doesn´t be a good worker.    He isn´t…

Does she be a good teacher?   Is she…?

Do we be all here?                    Are we…?

Do they be hungry?                  Are they…?

  • El verbo have (tener) es regular, pero en frases afirmativas, la tercera persona de singular (el/ella/ello) es has, no haves.

Marian has dinner at 9 o´clock.

Brian has a lot of friends.

July has 31 days.

  • Como be (ser/estar), el verbo have got (tener) es diferente a otros verbos
  • Mira estos errores típicos con have got:

I don´t have got a lot of money.        I haven´t got.

He doesn´t have got many friends.  He hasn´t got.

Do you have got the time?             Have you got the time?

Does she have got a mobile?        Has she got a mobile?

Present Simple: Introduction

  • Usamos el Presente Simple para situaciones permanentes , hechos y hábitos, rutinas…
  • Ponemos el infinitivo después de Iyouwe they para hacer frases afirmativas:

I live in Coventry.   (situación permanente / hecho)

You have lunch at 1 o’clock   (Hábito / rutina)

We play tennis on Thursdays.   (hábito / rutina)

They like classical music.   (situación permanente / hecho)

  • Si el sujeto es heshe it (tercera persona de singular), añadimos una s:

He lives in Coventry.

She plays  tennis on Thursdays.

It rains a lot in Scotland.

  •  Si el infinitivo termina en una consonante + y, cambiamos la por una y añadimos –es:

She studies French 5 hours a week.         studys

He worries about his parents.                    worrys

  • Si el infinitivo termina en –s-z-sh-tch-x, o –o, añadimos –es:

Kiss -> Gran kisses me goodbye every morning.   kiss

Pass -> Steve passes the bank on his way home. passs

Buzz -> London buzzes with activity.                      buzzs

Fizz -> Cola fizzes more than coffee!                     fizzs

Wash -> Dave washes his car every week.            washs

Catch -> Sandy usually catches the bus to work.   caths

Mix -> Deirdre mixes business with pleasure.        mixs

Fax -> John faxes me once a month.                     faxs

Do -> This car does 100 miles to the gallon.          dos

Go -> Brian goes  to church every Sunday.             gos

  • Usamos don’t I/you/we/they infinitivo para hacer frases negativas:

I live in Coventry. ->  I don’t live in Birmingham.

You have lunch at 1 o’clock. -> You don’t have lunch at 2 o’clock.

We play tennis on Thursdays. -> We don’t play tennis on Wednesdays.

They like classical music. ->  They don’t like pop music.

  • Si el sujeto es he, she o it, usamos doesn’t:

He lives in Coventry .-> He doesn’t live in Birmingham.

She plays tennis on Thursdays. -> She doesn’t play tennis on Wednesdays.

It rains a lot in Scotland. -> It doesn’t rain a lot in Saudi Arabia.

  • Usamos do + I/you/we/they + infinitivo para hacer preguntas:

Do I know you?

Do you want a drink? Do we have time?

Do they like country music?

  • Si el sujeto es he, she o it, usamos does:

Does he live in Coventry?

Does she play tennis on Thursdays? Does it rain a lot in Scotland?

  • Mire estos errores típicos:

She play football at the weekend.  ->  She plays football at the weekend.

They do live in Pakistan. -> They live in Pakistan

He don’t like hamburgers..à -> He doesn’t like hamburgers.

Do he work with you? ->  Does he work with you?

Does Angela wants to come? -> Does Angela want to come?

She speak French? ->  Does she speak French?

He have a car? ->  Does he have a car?

Present Simple: Do you...?

  • Cuando alguien pregunta  Do you…? Normalmente repondemos Yes, I do or No, I  don’t:

-Do you live in York?

-Yes, I do

-Do you work there?

-No, I don’t.

  • Mire estos errores típicos:

-Do you like chocolate?

          -Yes, I like.                   Yes, I do.

-No, I don’t like.          No, I  don’t. (or No, I don’t like it)

-Do you know Peter?

-Yes, I know.                 Yes, I do.

        -No, I don’t know.       No, I  don’t. (or No, I don’t know him)

¡Quiero Practicar!